Bagan is an ancient city and the vast oldest archaeological site located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar The Bagan Archaeological Zone is the main prideful draw for Myanmar’s Tourism Industry situated on the eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy River It is with the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas in the present day.
Ancient Pagodas around Bagan
Shwezigon Pagoda is a prototype of Burmese stupas located in Nyaung-U town near Bagan. It was started construction of the pagoda during the reign of king Anawrahta and completed during the sovereignty of king Kyansittha of Bagan dynasty to enshrine a bone and tooth of Gautama Buddha.
Ananda Pagoda is a Buddhist temple built by king Kyansittha in 1105 AD which has not another similar pagoda in Bagan in accordance with eight monks who had meditated in the Himalayas. This temple is showing the strong influence of Indian Architecture.
Mya Zedi Pagoda (Emerald Stupa) was built by Prince Raja Kumar, son of king Kyansittha in Myinkaba village (about 1km away from Bagan to the south) in his mother, Queen Thanbuhla. The inscription in the pagoda, was written in four languages, is known as Mya Zedi Inscription.
Gawdawpalin @Kandawplin Pagoda is the second tallest Buddhist temple in Bagan. The hollow type temple started during the reign of King Narapatisithu and completed during the reign of king Htilominlo.
Thatbyinnyu Pagoda is at the northeast corner of Bagan built by king Alaungsithu in 1144.This pagoda was built as one of the first two storey structures in Bagan.The temple is terribly destroyed because of the 1975 earthquake and renovated after a few years.
Htilominlo Pagoda is a three storey temple named after king Htilominlo built in 1218 at the northeast of old Bagan on the way to Nyaung U. The pagoda’s origin plaster with white stucco depicts about the ogresses and mythological animals like Makara sea creatures.
Dhammayangyi Temple is the most massive and widest temple in Bangan. It was built by king Narathu who was also known as Kalagya Min.It is located about 1km to the southeast of Bangan and has a similar architectural design to Anadan Temple.The visitor can enjoy sunset from this pagoda.
Myingaba Gubyaukgyi Pagoda was founded in 1113(903 years ago) built by Prince Raja Kumara after his father’s death, king Kyansittha, located in Myinkaba Village, south of Bagan. This pagoda is remarkable for the oldest original paintings on its interior walls and the inscriptions with four languages as Mya Zedi’s.
Tuyin Taung Pagoda, Tantkyi Taung Pagoda, Bupaya, Kyansitha Umin, Thatkyamuni Pagoda, Kondaawgyi Pahto, Kyaukgu Umin, Mimalaung Kyaung, Shwegugyi Pagoda, Tharabar Gate, Old palace site of King Kyansittha, Pitakat Taik, Mahabodhi Pagoda, Bupaya, Ananda Oke Kyaung (Ananda Brick Monastery), Gubyauknge, Wetkyi-In-Gubyaukgyi, Shwesandaw Pagoda andAlodaw Pyae Pagoda are also interesting to visit.
Landmark in Bangan
Tharabar Gate is only surviving ancient wall of Bagan. It was built in 849 AD by king Pyinbya at the east of Old Bagan city. He built twelve gates during 9th century originally. The western and northern part of the city walls were washed away by the river.
Mt.Popa with the interesting history is an extinct volcano located in central Burma about 45 minutes drive from Nyaung Oo Airport. It is one of the important mystical sites for superstitious people who believe that it is the legendary home of spirits.