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YANGON

Yangon, the most important commercial city, was the capital of Myanmar. The country’s main gateway for domestic and international flights is Yangon International Airport. Yangon (literally means “End of strife”), was founded as “Dagon” in the 11th century by the Mon. Dagon was a small fishing village centered about the Shwedagon Pagoda. In 1755, King Alaungpaya  conquered Dagon; he renamed it “Yangon”.

Landmarks and interesting sites in Yangon

Shwedagon Pagoda, the glittering golden pagoda, is located on the Singuttara Hill which is at the last spur of the Pegu Rang in the south. Shwedagon Pagoda is the most famous tourist attraction and lank mark of Myanmar. The Shwedagon Pagoda was built over 2600 years ago for intention of enshrining sacred Buddha’s hair relics.

Sule Pagoda is located in the center of downtown Yangon. It was built more than 2600 years ago before the Shwedagon Pagoda. It is octagonal in shape, a Mon-style Pagoda with 48 meters (152 feet) in height. Sule pagoda is named after an old sprit called Sularata. Its Mon name is “Kyaik Athok” which translates “the pagoda where a sacred hair relic is enshrined”.

Chauk Htat Gyi Reclining Buddha (6- storey-high Buddha) is located in Bahan Township, Yangon, built in 1907 by Sir Hpo Thar originally. It is famous for its huge reclining Buddha. Ngar Htat Gyi (5-storey- high Buddha) and Koe Htat Gyi (9-storey Buddha) are similar to this pagoda.

Bo Tah Taung Pagoda, meaning a thousand of military leaders who escorted hair relics of the Buddha brought from India over two thousand years ago, is situated on the bank of Yangon River. It was built almost in the same time as Shwedagon Pagoda and Sule Pagoda over 2600 years ago. Its origin name was “Kyaik-de-att” which was a Mon name.

Kandawgyi Lake and Garden; literally “Great Royal Lake”, is located at the east of the Shwedagon Pagoda. This man- made lake was created as a reliable water supply for the city, and is actually supplied by Yangon's other lake, Inya. But the elders said “there hadn’t a lake before building Shwedagon Pagoda and the builders used earth from that place for bricks to build the historical pagoda then Kandawgyi Lake appear.

City Hall is across from the Sule Pagoda. The composing City Hall is a great example of Myanmar architectural design, featuring traditional tiered roofs called “pyatthat” .It is the seat of the city’s administrative body, Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). This building is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List.

Independence Monument is in the middle of Mahabandoola Garden which is opposite of City Hall. It was erected in memorialization of Burmese independence from British in 1948, replacing the statue of Queen Victoria. It is 46 meters high, which is surrounded by five small pillars of 9 meters and two lion statues in concentric circles.

Bogyoke Market is formerly called Scott’s Market and located in Pabedan Township in central Yangon, not very far from the Sule Pagoda .This major market, known for its colonial architectural design and inner cobblestone streets, is a famous tourist destination. The market is closed on Mondays.

China Town is in the center of downtown which is in Latha Township is the busiest quarter of Yangon. A variety of restaurants, gold and jeweler stores, mini markets, roadside food stalls, fruit and flower, short snacks and sizzling fries are attracting the locals and foreigners. Chinese Temples are located in downtown area too. This part of the city is most crowded and the red decorations can be seen everywhere during the Chinese New Year holidays.

Vicinity around Yangon

Htauk Kyant War Memorial Cemetery is a war cemetery for the soldiers of the Allied Forces who died in the World War II containing 30,000 stone graves. It is in the village of Htauk Kyant about 32km from Yangon, on the way to Bago.

Hlawga Wildlife Park is located 22 miles north of central Yangon on the Hlawaga Road. It was first established as an environmental education center in 1982.The Park was home to 21 species of mammals, 145 species of birds and 8 species of reptiles according to a survey in 1992. This park is one of the relaxation places for holiday-makers.

Thanlyin (Around Yangon) was formerly called Syriam .It is located on the other side of Bago River from Yangon city with 17 quarters and 28 villages tracts. Old Ancient Portuguese Church can be seen in Thanlyin town because the city was defeated by the Rakhine forces led by the Portuguese Filipe de Brito e Nicote who became governor of the town. The famous pagodas in Thanlyin are Kyaik Khauk Pagoda and Pardagyi Pagoda.

Kyaik Hmaw Won Yele Pagoda is on an islet in the Kyaik Hmaw Won creek in Kyauktan Town in Thanlyin District, Yangon Division. Kyauktan Yele Pagoda is one of the favorite destinations for day trippers.

Twante (Around Yangon) is a township across from the Hlaing River from the Yangon city. It is reached by a two- hour boat ride along Twante Canal and then takes a 40 minutes bumpy taxi ride to the town. It is famous for its pottery and cotton-weaving industries. The other destinations in Twante are Shwesandaw Pagoda, Baungdawgyoke Pagoda, Baung Daw Gyoke Pagoda and Snake Temple.

Introdution: 

Yangon, the most important commercial city, was the capital of Myanmar. The country’s main gateway for domestic and international flights is Yangon International Airport. Yangon (literally means “End of strife”), was founded as “Dagon” in the 11th century by the Mon. Dagon was a small fishing village centered about the Shwedagon Pagoda. In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered Dagon; he renamed it “Yangon”.